Symptoms of PCOS
Causes of PCOS
The exact cause of PCOS is have not been identified yet, but doctors have found few causes which result into this condition on the basis of their experience. Some of the causes identified by the doctors are as listed below:
- Hormonal imbalances and genetics
- Overproduction of the androgenhormone
Androgen is a male sex hormone that is produced by females as well. Females with PCOS often produce higher-than-normal levels of androgen which can affect the development and release of eggs during ovulation.
- Family History
- Resistant to insulin produced internally
- Day to day lifestyle
Symptoms of PCOS becomes prevalent when the patient has gained weight leading to irregularity in menstrual cycle and excessive hair growth.
How we can diagnose PCOS?
There is no particular test for PCOS. Whereas to do a complete diagnosis, your doctor view your medical history, symptoms and perform required tests.
Various test conducted in order to diagnose about PCOS are as mentioned below:
- Blood tests to measure sex hormone levels
- Thyroid function tests to determine the production of the thyroid hormone in your body
- Fasting glucose tests to measure your blood sugar levels
- Lipid level teststo assess the amount of cholesterol in your blood.
Complications of PCOS
Women suffering from PCOS have a higher risk of developing the below mentioned health problem as follows:
- Hypertension (high blood pressure)
- High cholesterol
- Anxiety and depression
- Sleep apnea
- Endometrial cancer
- Heart attack
- Breast cancer
A person suffering from PCOS can only be treated, but there is no cure so as to eliminate it completely. Treatment focuses more on symptoms and management of the condition to prevent complications. The treatment varies from woman to woman, depending on specific symptoms they show. Few steps which can be taken into practice to avoid the symptoms of PCOS include:
Prior the diagnosis of PCOS is done the sooner it can be treated, thus reducing the complication the patient may face due to this. One should avoid the intake of tobacco products and incorporate regular exercise into your lifestyle to avoid the complications and overcome the condition of PCOS.