Hysterectomy

H ysterectomy is defined to be the procedure in which the uterus is removed from the female’s body. The hysterectomy procedure is defined to be conducted for the patients for different reasons. The reasons for which the following is conducted are as follows:

  • Endometriosis
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Adenomyosis
  • Cancer of the uterus
  • Uterine fibroids that cause pain, bleeding, or the other problems
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding

The procedure of removal of the uterus is done once the results of all the IVF treatment are negative.

Types of hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is performed for the patient is they are facing the issue of uterine fibroids. There are other reason also for which it is conducted. Further, in response to the reason for undergoing the treatment, a surgeon decides whether the complete uterus is to be removed or removal of a part of the uterus will do. Different type of hysterectomy are performed and depending on the type of hysterectomy, the surgeon decides if complete uterus needs to be removed or just a part of it.

  • A total hysterectomy requires removal of the complete uterus with the cervix.
  • In supracervial hysterectomy, only the upper part of the uterus is removed by the surgeons
  • In radical hysterectomy, whole of the uterus is removed and that too with the tissues on the sides of the uterus, the cervix, and top of the part of the vagina. Radical hysterectomy is done only when the patient is affected with cancer.

In oophorectomy procedure, ovaries are removed in some condition or it may be left as it is. Whereas in salpingectomy , the fallopian tubes are removed. In conditions, when the entire uterus, both tubes, and the ovaries are removed, the procedure is referred to as hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy-oophorectomy.

Risks of hysterectomy

There are no specific problems associated with the patients who ever undergo the hysterectomy procedure. This is considered to be major surgery but as such there are no risks. Some of the complications are associated with it and they are as follows:

  • Vaginal prolapse
    In this, a part of the vagina coming out of the body incorporates the risk.
  • Fistula formation
  • This is defined to be the abnormal connection which is formed between the vagina and the bladder
  • Chronic pain
  • Urinary incontinence

There are also some of the other risks associated with it which includes wound infections, blood clots, injury to the surrounding organs, and hemorrhage.

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After results of hysterectomy

In case of the hysterectomy being performed with the ovaries being removed, the female enter into the menopause at an earlier stage. Whereas in case if the ovaries have not been removed, then also a woman may enter or not enter the menopause at young age than the actual age when she should enter the menopause.

After the hysterectomy, it is suggested for the females to avoid sexual contact and the lifting of heavy objects for near about six weeks after the procedure.

According to the survey conducted, results of the procedure are successful enough and are improving with the advancement in the techniques being used.