Common causes of female infertility includes issues related to ovulation, blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, or issues with cervix, age is also considered as alternate factor which contributes towards infertility because as women ages her fertility naturally starts diminishing.
Tumors or cyst
Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating.
Addicted to drugs, smoking and drinking
Excessive weight gain
Irregular menstrual cycle
Defect since birth
History of tubal pregnancy
Chronic medical illness history
Fibroids or endometriosis
Polyps in uterus
History of previous infection.
Abnormal cervical mucus is also a factor which contributes towards infertility, abnormal cervical mucus prevents sperm from reaching eggs or makes it more difficult for sperm to get fertilized with eggs.
Methods to diagnose female infertility
The following are the methods by which your healthcare provider may use to evaluate the infertility issues:
Urine or blood test to check for infections or any type of hormonal problems which includes thyroid and others.
Pelvic and breast examination
Sample of cervical mucus to determine the occurrence of ovulation.
Ultrasound to examine the uterus and ovaries
Tracking of your ovulation through fertility awareness also helps to detect fertility abnormalities in women.
How to prevent female infertility
Nothing can be done to prevent the infertility issues which are caused due to genetic or due to severe illness, however, there are few methods by which we can decrease the possibilities of infertility in every couple facing problems conceiving:
Take initiative to avoid STD
Avoid use of drugs
Avoid frequent use of drugs
Adopt good personal practices
Go for regular check up with the gynecologist.